Learn the New Travel Restrictions for Americans Traveling to Europe – Forbes Adviser

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This article will be updated regularly as new information becomes available.

With the emergence of the potentially highly contagious Covid-19 Omicron variant, new travel restrictions and requirements are coming into effect for US travelers heading to Europe.

Americans can still travel to European countries for now, although each country makes its own decisions about who can enter and what precautions are needed.

If you plan to travel between the United States and Europe in the coming weeks, you may be aware of more restrictions. The Covid-19 Omicron variant adds uncertainty to an already strange holiday travel season and there are many unknowns.

Before you decide to travel to Europe, check the testing and vaccination requirements for your destination. Be sure to also consider any countries you are traveling through as there may be testing or vaccination requirements even if you do not leave the airport.

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Here are the latest European travel rules and restrictions for US travelers.


Austria has reintroduced lockdowns from November 22 to at least December 11. Restaurants, hotels, bars and museums are closed.

US citizens may enter the country without being quarantined if they are fully vaccinated or have recently recovered from Covid-19. Proof of vaccinations or recovery is required on entry, but no pre-registration is required at this time.

Unvaccinated individuals arriving from the US are allowed to enter Austria if they pass a Covid-19 negative test (PCR/NAAT test only) upon arrival, pre-register and spend 10 days in mandatory quarantine in a residence or hotel at the expense of the traveller. Quarantine can end with a negative PCR test after 5 days.


Vaccinated US citizens are not required to quarantine when visiting Denmark. Quarantine in Denmark is only in effect if a traveler has not been vaccinated. Non-vaccinated travelers must quarantine for 10 days and provide proof of a negative test within 24 hours of entering Denmark.


France currently bans entry for travelers arriving from seven African countries (South Africa, Lesotho, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Namibia and Eswatini). US citizens can travel to France with a full vaccination certificate, which you must show to your airline and to the border patrol.

Read more: Can I travel to France from the US?


Vaccinated and unvaccinated American travelers can travel to Germany in one of the following ways:

  • Proof of vaccination
  • Evidence of recovery from Covid
  • A negative test result from 48 hours before (rapid test) or 72 hours before (PCR test)


The Irish government has updated guidelines for US citizens arriving in Ireland from December 3. These are the requirements:

  • Before departure, travelers from the US must complete a Public Health Passenger Locator Form and present it at their port of entry
  • Vaccinated travelers (or travelers who have recently recovered from Covid-19) over the age of 12 must provide either a negative test result 48 hours prior (antigen test) or 72 hours prior (PCR test)
    • The antigen test must be performed by a licensed professional
  • Evidence of vaccination such as an EU Digital Covid Certificate (DCC) or a non-digital Covid-19 certificate

Unvaccinated U.S. citizens must show the results of a negative PCR test taken 72 hours earlier – antigen testing is not allowed.


Italy has classified the US as a List D country, meaning travelers must complete a passenger identification form and a self-declaration form, show proof of vaccination (or of recovery from Covid in the past six months), and provide a negative PCR test which is within 72 hours of arrival in Italy.

If you are unable to provide a valid vaccination or recovery certificate, you will be required to self-isolate (at the address stated on your Passenger Locator Form) for 5 days on arrival and have a PCR or antigen test at the end of isolation.

read more: Can I travel to Italy from the United States?


Traveling to Poland requires a 10-day quarantine period for travelers coming from outside the EU’s visa-free Schengen zone. Unvaccinated U.S. travelers or vaccinated travelers who cannot present a valid Covid-19 vaccination certificate containing an EU-approved vaccine must be quarantined, with the following exceptions:

  • Children up to 12 years old traveling under the care of adults with a vaccination certificate
  • Persons who will not stay in Poland for more than 24 hours on arrival and who have a flight ticket for departure from Poland within 24 hours of arrival

The quarantine time can be shortened in case of a negative Covid test result no earlier than 7 days after arrival in Poland.


Beginning December 1, U.S. citizens (aged 12 and older) can travel to Portugal if they present:

  • A negative Covid test for both vaccinated and unvaccinated people from 48 hours prior (antigen/TRAg test) or 72 hours prior (PCR/NAAT test) to boarding
  • A Passenger Locator Card completed before departure (depending on the airline)
  • An EU Digital Covid certificate, valid recovery certificate or a non-digital Covid certificate

Children under 12 do not need to present a Covid-19 test or EU Digital COVID certificate to enter the country.


To travel to Switzerland you must be fully vaccinated, otherwise you will be refused entry (partially vaccinated travelers will also be refused). Vaccinated U.S. citizens are exempt from taking a Covid-19 test, but must provide proof of vaccination and complete an entry form 48 hours prior to arrival.


US citizens are not required to go into quarantine upon arrival in Spain, but proof of vaccination is required. Before departure, you must complete a health check form (FCS) and obtain and download the QR code to show upon boarding and health checks upon arrival in Spain.

Read more: Forbes Advisor Guide to Covid Vaccine Requirements for Travel

United Kingdom

The UK has put in place stricter guidelines for access. You must complete a passenger locator form 48 hours prior to travel. You must also book and pay for a PCR test before you travel, even if you do the test after you arrive – you take the test on day 2 of your trip. If you are in the UK for less than 2 days you will still need to book and pay for the test.

While you wait for the test results, self-isolate. If your test result is positive or inconclusive, you will need to self-isolate for 10 full days. The day you took the test is day 0.

Related: When should I use a Covid home test?

Requirements for Traveling to the USA

On Thursday, the Biden administration said all travelers flying to the US (2 years and older) must show proof of a negative Covid-19 test within one day of departure. A PCR or antigen test is accepted. At this time, quarantine is not required for international travelers.

If you plan to visit Hawaii, you must register on the Safe Travels Hawaii website 24 hours prior to departure and complete the State of Hawai’i Travel and Health Form and upload your vaccination card to the site.

Keep in mind that several US cities are once again enforcing mask mandates to enter indoor establishments and public transportation. Evidence of at least one dose of the vaccine is required to enter high-risk indoor spaces such as gyms and restaurants in Los Angeles, San Francisco, New York City and New Orleans.

Before traveling, check the guidelines of the country you are traveling to, the airline, and take all necessary precautions recommended by the CDC.

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