The Federal Reserveas soon as next month in an effort to cool down the economy, which has seen inflation reach a 40-year high of 7% while unemployment sank to a 50-year low of 4%.
To help the economy continue growing despite potential risks (including new variants of the coronavirus), the Fed uses a slew of techniques to regulate US monetary policy to maximize employment and target a healthy 2% inflation rate. Raising the federal funds rate, the first time it’s done so since 2018, is just one of the tools at the Fed’s disposal. Basically, this means that borrowing money from a bank or any other lender that charges interest will become more expensive – if you have a variable interest rate, that is. If you’re carrying any balances on your credit cards, the time to pay those balances down has come.
Below I’ll explain how this will affect your credit card statements, along with some steps you can take to pay your credit card balance and save money in a higher-rate environment.
Why credit card debt will become more expensive
By raising the federal funds rate, the Fed’s move will essentially cause credit card interest rates to go up, noted CNET Credit Cards Editor Jaclyn DeJohn. “It is an indirect connection, as the federal funds rate only directly dictates lending between banks, but this affects the banks’ costs, which are in turn passed on to consumers,” she explained.
The prime rate that’s the basis for all borrowing rates for bank customers is derived from the federal funds rate, notes DeJohn. Premiums are tacked onto it depending on an applicant’s creditworthiness and institutional factors. This yields effective interest rates, such as credit card annual percentage rates.
Once the Fed pulls the trigger and raises the federal funds rate, “the ripple effect happens pretty quickly,” says DeJohn. “No institution wants to be left in the financial dust.” That’s why credit card APRs are adjusted almost immediately, usually within a billing cycle or two.
If you pay your credit card bill in full every month, you have nothing to worry about. But if you have a balance on that card, carrying it month to month will cost you more once rates increase.
Here’s an example. Let’s say you carry a credit card balance of $5,525, which is the national average according to the credit bureau Experian. The current average credit card interest rate is 16.13%, according to CNET sister site CreditCards.com. If you make only the minimum payment, paying off your card’s balance would take you 188 months (almost 16 years) and cost you over $4,000 in interest.
However, if credit card interest rates increased by a quarter of a percentage point, which is the Fed’s rate hike many economists expect in March, paying off the same balance would cost you $120 more and take two additional months. If the interest rate increased by a whole percentage point, which is what most economists expect by the end of 2022, carrying the same amount of debt would cost you $380 more in interest and take almost 16.5 years to pay off. Do your own math using CNET sister site Bankrate’s credit card minimum payment calculator.
OK, you say, what should I do right now? Fret not! Here are six steps you can take to pay your credit card balance and save money.
1. Pay off – or at least down – any existing credit card debt
US consumers have done a good job lowering their credit card debt during the pandemic. As Experian found, the average credit card holder lowered his or her card balance by almost $400 in 2021 compared with 2020. So chances are you’re already in debt-paying mode. Kudos to you!
The first step to paying off your debt is really simple: Apply any disposable income to credit card debt. (And if you don’t have enough disposable income to begin with, don’t panic. I’ll get to that in a minute.)
Where to start? The average US consumer has around three credit cards, so there’s a chance your credit card debt is spread across multiple balances. There are two popular methods for paying down multiple balances: the snowball method and the avalanche method.
- The snowball method starting by paying off your smallest debt first, regardless of its interest rate, and letting your initial success carry you until you pay the debt with the highest balance. Proponents of this method argue that this strategy allows you to create a snowball effect, or momentum that encourages you to pay off multiple debts.
- The avalanche method, on the other hand, proposes that you start with the debt with the highest interest rate. Once you’ve paid off that high-interest balance, you move on to the balance with the next highest interest rate, and so on.
Which method is better? Avalanche method fanatics — and many personal finance experts — will tell you that paying off high-interest debt first makes more sense from the financial standpoint. The faster you pay debt this way, they say, the more money you’ll save in interest over time. But if paying off that debt will take you years, you may be discouraged by what seems like minimal progress for maximum effort. You might end up throwing in the towel and keep accruing debt.
My advice is to go with the method that’ll keep you going, whether it’s snowball, avalanche or a combination of both. In the end, what’s important is to save money in interest one way or another.
2. Transfer your balance to a zero percent credit card
If you have a good credit score, chances are you may be eligible to apply for a balance transfer credit card. thelet you transfer a balance from another card — as long as it’s from a different bank — and pay it with no interest for a set period of time, usually between 12 and 18 months. Some cards in the market are currently offering up to 21 months.
Make sure to consider fees when shopping for a balance transfer card. Most cards charge a balance transfer fee, usually 3% of the amount transferred, though some cards charge.
Next, use CNET sister site Bankrate’s Credit Card Balance Transfer Calculator to estimate how long it’ll take you to pay off that balance based on how much you could pay each month. Then, look for a card with a similar zero interest promotional period. Remember that once the promotional period ends, the card’s regular APR will kick in, and you’ll start paying interest on any remaining balance on the card. Consider applying for the card that, combining balance transfer fees and intro period, will allow you to pay off your balance for less.
3. Focus on paying down card debt, not on earning points or cash back
, points and miles on everyday purchases and redeeming them for free trips or the is every savvy cardholder’s dream. But if you’re carrying a balance on your credit cards and keep charging expenses you can’t pay at the end of the month for the sake of earning points, you need to stop immediately.
Here’s why. As I mentioned before, the current average interest rate is above 16%. Some of the best credit cards earn up to 6% back in rewards per dollar spent on specific categories, likeor . However, most of the best flat-rate cash back cards earn no more than 2%. Any cash back, points or miles earned will be easily wiped out by interest if you don’t pay for your purchases in full when your statement is due.
If you carry a balance, there’s a way to put those hard-earned cash-back dollars to good use. Use them to lower the balance on your card instead by redeeming them for a statement credit.
4. Consider additional sources of income to pay off credit card debt
But what if you don’t have any additional cash at the end of the day, or the month, to pay down card debt?
That might be the reason you got into debt to begin with — and that’s OK. We’ve all been there. But adding an extra source of income can help you tackle any kind of debt faster, including your credit card’s.
Here are a few ideas you can try to earn more disposable income and pay down credit card debt:
- Take on a side gig. Are you good at math or fluent in a foreign language? Tutoring can be a viable option for a side job. Do you have free time during the week and a car in good condition? You might want to consider Uber, Lyft or DoorDash. Many successful Etsy stores started as a side hustle. Consider an activity you enjoy and make sure to , as taking on a side gig might have tax implications.
- Rein in your expenses. Duh, I know — it sounds obvious, but it’s not that simple. According to the Federal Reserve, almost 40% of Americans don’t have $400 in emergency cash. Whether this is your case or not, maybe it’s time to align your expenses with your income, and stick to it. The good news is that you can add paying down card debt as one of your ongoing expenses, and you don’t have to create a budget from scratch or manage it all on your own. the can help keep track of your spending and identify expenses to cut back.
- Sell stuff you don’t use that’s just sitting around the house. From that dress you wore only once at a wedding to the portable sauna you got for your birthday but never fire up, reselling both used and new stuff online can help you earn the extra cash you might need to pay off credit card debt. There are plenty of places to do that. The Penny Hoarder has a good roundup of 14 websites and apps for selling stuff online.
5. Stop using your credit card and switch to cash or a debit card
Credit cards are great financial instruments to pay for large or unexpected purchases over time, improve your credit, earn points or cash back for trips or dream buys, or even give you access to generous travel benefits, like. But they can also tempt you to overspend and to incur debt fast if you don’t manage them responsibly.
If you find yourself spending more when using a credit card, maybe it’s time to give plastic a break. Studies suggest that paying with a credit card might lead to overspending because the “pay pain” is removed from the transaction. In other words, when you charge a purchase on your credit card, the money doesn’t leave your wallet or bank account right away, which may mislead you into thinking you can afford whatever you’re buying.
Switching to cash might be more difficult than before, especially since many businesses during the pandemic switched to contactless payments or stopped accepting cash, for safety reasons.
However, you could use a, like Venmo or Zelle, or simply your debit card. That way, the moment you make a purchase or pay a bill, the money gets instantly withdrawn from your bank account, helping you get a better sense of how much you’re spending.
6. Leverage your credit with a zero percent credit card
If you don’t carry a balance on your credit card right now, congratulations! But if you have good credit, you might still want to consider applying for a. Even if you pay your balance in full every month, there may be some benefits in the midst of rising interest rates. You can pay for a big-ticket purchase interest-free, or have a zero percent card on hand in case of emergency.
Improving your credit utilization ratio and upping your number of accounts by opening a new credit card can be beneficial for your credit score, too. This type of simple move could be really beneficial for you in the long run, particularly if you plan to finance a home, auto or other big purchase in the future.